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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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COLBACH Nathalie

COLBACH Nathalie
Directrice de Recherche
Pôle : GESTAD
Equipe/Thème : équipe SYSTEME
Courriel : Nathalie.Colbach@inrae.fr
Tel : 03.80.69.30.33
Fax : 03.80.69.32.62

Curriculum Vitae

 Coordinator of scientific workshop on Models vs. observation/experimentation (http://www6.dijon.inra.fr/umragroecologie/Animation-Scientifique/Ateliers-Scientifiques/Modelisation-vs.-Observation-Experimentation)
 
 Research experience

 Since 1995: Scientist at INRA Dijon
 1997: Visiting scientist at North Central Soil Conservation Research Lab., USDA-ARS, Morris, MN, USA
 1995: Ingénieur d'étude CETIOM/INRA
 
 Diploma

 2006    Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Université de Bourgogne
 1995    PhD Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon (now AgroParisTech): Modelling the effects of cropping systems on foot and root diseases of winter wheat
 1991    Master Ecology and Vegetal Productions INAPG, Universités PARIS VI et PARIS XI
 1991    Ingénieur Agronome INAPG

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Activités de Recherche

 The objective is to analyse, understand and model the effects of cropping systems (and their location in landscapes) on weeds. The ultimate goal is the multi-criteria evaluation and multi-objective design of cropping systems for integrated weed management (ex. using little or no herbicides, controlling harmful species, preserving biodiversity, minimising environmental impacts, ensuring harvest quantity and quality...).
 
 I. Examples of experimental studies:
 - Measuring parameters of morphological plasticity and of plant response to competition for light of weed and crop species (notably cover crops); identification of functional relationships between parameters and species traits
 - Measuring seed viability and germinability of weed species (including parasites) as function of seed age, season, soil structure
 - Analysis and quantification of weed seed burial and dispersal by agricultural tools and natural vectors
 
 II. The models available to dat:
 - GENESYS-ORS (Oilseed rape volunteer dynamics and gene flow in landscape, application to coexistence between oilseed varieties and to managing harvest purity),
 - GENESYS-Beet (weed beet dynamics and gene flow in landscape; application to weed beet management, particularly of herbicide-resistant populations),
 - ALOMYSYS (dynamics and genetics of blackgrass at field scale; application to managing an autumnal grass weed resistant to many herbicides),
 - FLORSYS (dynamics of a multispecific weed flora at field scale; application to managing weed harmfulness and contribution to biodiversity).
 
 III. Exemples d'utilisation des modèles
 - Assessing the feasibility of coexising GM and non-GM crops in different European regions, crops and production systems; identification of possible technical solutions. Expertise carried out for the European Commission via the Joint Research Centre.
 - Identification of cropping systems with little or no herbicide use for managing autumnal grass weeds
 - Effect of changes in cultural practices on weed flora and associated biodiversity
 - Identifying combinations of cultural practices for reaching combinations of management goals in terms of weed harmfulness control, contribution to biodiversity and reduction of herbicide use

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Activités d'enseignement

Main subjects:

 - Modelling principles
 - Analysing and modellinge the effects of cropping systems on weeds and other biotic components in athe agroecosystem
 - Evaluation et and design of cropping systems
 Public: mainly Masters 2 of Agronomy Schools (AgroSup Dijon, SupAgro Montpellier, AgroParisTech, VetAgroSup Clermont…)

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Publications

http://www.researcherid.com/rid/C-6677-2014
http://prodinra.inra.fr/au/ncolbach
www.researchgate.net/profile/Nathalie_Colbach

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Principaux contrats

  • ANR CoSAC (2015-2018) Coordination du projet " Conception de Stratégies durables de gestion des Adventices dans un contexte de Changement (climat, pratiques agricoles, biodiversité)" http://www6.inra.fr/cosac                                                                                                                                       
  • HOVLL (2012-2015) Responsable de la tâche "Modélisation" dans le projet suisse "Innovative production technology for high oleic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) with very low alpha-linolenic acid content" (responsable: Didier pellet, Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil, CH)                                                               
  • FLORSYS (2013-2015) Responsable du projet "Analyse et modélisation des effets des pratiques agricoles sur les services et disservices écosystémiques dépendant des adventices – Application à l'évaluation et la conception de systèmes de culture économes en herbicides" (APR 2011 Pesticides – Ecophyto)           
  • AMIGA (2012-2016) Responsable de la tâche 5.3 dans le projet européen "Assessing and Monitoring Impacts of Genetically modified plants on Agro-ecosystems" (responsables: S. Arpaia, ENEA, IT; A. Messéan, INRA)                                                                                                                                                           
  • ADVHERB (2009-2013) Responsable de 2 WP dans l'ANR SYSTERRA "Gestion agro-écologique de la flore adventice dans des systèmes à bas niveaux d’herbicides" (responsable: Sandrine Petit)

Mots clés

modélisation, système de culture, dynamique, flux de gènes, adventice, protection intégrée, régulation biologique