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Last update: May 2021

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The 5 most significant projects of the last 4 years

The 4PMI participates, through different projects with academic or private partners, to the discovering of new control pathways / genes involved in the responses of plants to environmental conditions and their genetic variability, knowledge being usable in selection.

The 4PMI is the second platform realizing exclusively experiments under controlled conditions participating in the NRA Project Investment for Future “PHENOME-EMPHASIS” (French Phenotyping Platform Network) piloted by F. Tardieu and J. Legouis (2012-2020). 4PMI’s involvement concerns root phenotyping and related innovations that have been funded by Phenome.

As part of the European Project “ABSTRESS” (Improving the resistance of vegetable crops to combined Abotic and Biotic STRESS, 2012-2017, coord. A. Charlton, FERA, UK), C Salon was coordinator of the Workpackage "Design of experimental setup and phenotyping". 4PMI has developed and used protocols for the ecophysiological characterization of pea and Medicago plant responses to water stress and fusariose. European-level oral communications  has highlighted our platform and a publication is underway with UK partners.

In the European Project “LEGATO” (Legumes for the Agriculture of Tomorrow, 2013-2018, coord. R. Thompson), C Salon was involved in the whole project editing and coordinates the WP3 “Optimizing plant adaptation to abiotic stress ". 4PMI collaborates in particular with Ralf Metzner and Carol Windt (Plant Sciences (IBG-2), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany) for the phenotypic characterization of pea plants subjected to water and heat stress by different methods (RhizoTubes®, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Positron Emission Tomography). In addition, a joint research school for the European Legato and Eurolegumes projects has helped train some thirty young researchers and breeders from several countries for phenotyping.

Only the Montpellier (PhénoArch) and Dijon (4PMI) platforms operating under environemental controlled conditions were associated with the European Project “EPPN” (European Plant Phenomic Network, 2012-2016, coord. U. Schurr, Plant Sciences (IBG-2), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany). In the WP4 "Good phenotyping Practices" coordinated by F. Tardieu, the 4PMI compared its results on rapeseed phenotyping to those obtained by the other platforms under controlled conditions of the consortium. In EPPN, 4PMI hosted an Israeli partner (Josh Klein, Aaro Volcani Center) for a series of experiments ("Transnational Access") on water stress in wheat.

C. Salon coordinates the NRA Project MIRGA (2016-2019) with as partners UMR BP&MP Montpellier and a private company Biogemma (Clermont Ferrand, France). MIRGA focusses on the research of genes involved in maize root development, the adaptation of plants to water stress, the robustness of phenotypic traits and their correlation between methods (e.g. controlled conditions and in the field) according to the phenology of the plants. GWAS studies include characterization of the root architecture of 400 maize genotypes and the validity of the key genes for drought resistance will be functionally validated. To broaden the scope to dicotyledons, mutations in Arabidopsis orthologs of candidate corn genes will be examined in normal situations and under water stress.

4PMI is also involved in three recently launched European Horizon 2020 projects:

  • in EUCLEG (coord. B. Jullier,Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Prairies et Plantes Fourragères, Lusignan, 2017-2021) 4PMI will run an experiment combining abiotic (drought) and biotic (fusarium) stress on Medicago with IPS2 (F Frugier);
  • in SOLACE (coord. P. Hinsinger, UMR Eco&Sols Montpellier, 2017-2021), 4PMI will contribute in collaboration with H Fréville (AGAP UMR, Montpellier) and X. Draye (Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium) to the phenotyping of panels of wheats;
  • 4PMI also participates in the project EPPN2020 which represents the continuity of EPPN (e.g. good phenotyping practices, common calibration procedures, ...) and 4PMI will offer 3 transnational accesses.